Geometry | Forms | Contact & Privacy Geometric Calculators German: Geometrierechner, Formen

1DLine, Circular Arc, Parabola, Helix, Koch Curve
2D Regular Polygons:
Equilateral Triangle, Square, Pentagon, Hexagon, Heptagon, Octagon, Nonagon, Decagon, Hendecagon, Dodecagon, Hexadecagon, N-gon, Polygon Ring

Other Polygons:
Triangle, Right Triangle, Isosceles Triangle, IR Triangle, 1/2 EL Triangle, Quadrilateral, Rectangle, Golden Rectangle, Rhombus, Parallelogram, Kite, 60-90-120 Kite, Half Square Kite, Right Kite, Trapezoid, Right Trapezoid, Isosceles Trapezoid, Tri-equilateral Trapezoid, Obtuse Trapezoid, Cyclic Quadrilateral, Tangential Quadrilateral, Arrowhead, Concave Quadrilateral, Crossed Rectangle, Antiparallelogram, House-Shape, Symmetric Pentagon, Diagonally Bisected Octagon, Cut Rectangle, Concave Pentagon, Concave Regular Pentagon, Stretched Pentagon, Straight Bisected Octagon, Stretched Hexagon, Symmetric Hexagon, Semi-regular Hexagon, Parallelogon, Concave Hexagon, Arrow-Hexagon, Rectangular Hexagon, L-Shape, Sharp Kink, T-Shape, Square Heptagon, Truncated Square, Stretched Octagon, Frame, Open Frame, Grid, Cross, X-Shape, H-Shape, Threestar, Fourstar, Pentagram, Hexagram, Unicursal Hexagram, Oktagram, Star of Lakshmi, Double Star Polygon, Polygram, The Hat, Polygon

Round Forms:
Circle, Semicircle, Circular Sector, Circular Segment, Circular Layer, Circular Central Segment, Round Corner, Circular Corner, Circle Tangent Arrow, Drop Shape, Crescent, Pointed Oval, Two Circles, Lancet Arch, Knoll, Annulus, Semi-Annulus, Annulus Sector, Annulus Segment, Cash, Curved Rectangle, Rounded Polygon, Rounded Rectangle, Ellipse, Semi-Ellipse, Elliptical Segment, Elliptical Sector, Elliptical Ring, Stadium, Spiral, Log. Spiral, Reuleaux Triangle, Cycloid, Double Cycloid, Astroid, Hypocycloid, Cardioid, Epicycloid, Parabolic Segment, Heart, Tricorn, Interarc Triangle, Circular Arc Triangle, Interarc Quadrangle, Intercircle Quadrangle, Circular Arc Quadrangle, Circular Arc Polygon, Claw, Half Yin-Yang, Arbelos, Salinon, Bulge, Lune, Three Circles, Polycircle, Round-Edged Polygon, Rose, Gear, Oval, Egg-Profile, Lemniscate, Squircle, Circular Square, Digon, Spherical Triangle
3D Platonic Solids:
Tetrahedron, Cube, Octahedron, Dodecahedron, Icosahedron

Archimedean Solids:
Truncated Tetrahedron, Cuboctahedron, Truncated Cube, Truncated Octahedron, Rhombicuboctahedron, Truncated Cuboctahedron, Icosidodecahedron, Truncated Dodecahedron, Truncated Icosahedron, Snub Cube, Rhombicosidodecahedron, Truncated Icosidodecahedron, Snub Dodecahedron

Catalan Solids:
Triakis Tetrahedron, Rhombic Dodecahedron, Triakis Octahedron, Tetrakis Hexahedron, Deltoidal Icositetrahedron, Hexakis Octahedron, Rhombic Triacontahedron, Triakis Icosahedron, Pentakis Dodecahedron, Pentagonal Icositetrahedron, Deltoidal Hexecontahedron, Hexakis Icosahedron, Pentagonal Hexecontahedron

Johnson Solids:
Pyramids, Cupolae, Rotunda, Elongated Pyramids, Gyroelongated Pyramids, Bipyramids, Elongated Bipyramids, Gyroelongated Square Dipyramid, Gyrobifastigium, Disheptahedron, Snub Disphenoid, Sphenocorona, Disphenocingulum

Other Polyhedrons:
Cuboid, Square Pillar, Triangular Pyramid, Square Pyramid, Regular Pyramid, Pyramid, Square Frustum, Regular Frustum, Frustum, Bent Pyramid, Regular Bipyramid, Bipyramid, Bifrustum, Frustum-Pyramid, Ramp, Right Wedge, Wedge, Half Tetrahedron, Rhombohedron, Parallelepiped, Regular Prism, Prism, Oblique Prism, Anticube, Antiprism, Prismatoid, Trapezohedron, Disphenoid, Corner, General Tetrahedron, Wedge-Cuboid, Half Cuboid, Skewed Cuboid, Ingot, Skewed Three-Edged Prism, Cut Cuboid, Truncated Cuboid, Obtuse Edged Cuboid, Elongated Dodecahedron, Truncated Rhombohedron, Obelisk, Bent Cuboid, Hollow Cuboid, Hollow Pyramid, Hollow Frustum, Star Pyramid, Stellated Octahedron, Small Stellated Dodecahedron, Great Stellated Dodecahedron, Great Dodecahedron, Great Icosahedron

Round Forms:
Sphere, Hemisphere, Spherical Corner, Cylinder, Cut Cylinder, Oblique Cylinder, Bent Cylinder, Elliptic Cylinder, Generalized Cylinder, Cone, Truncated Cone, Oblique Circular Cone, Elliptic Cone, Truncated Elliptic Cone, General Cone, General Truncated Cone, Bicone, Truncated Bicone, Pointed Pillar, Rounded Cone, Drop, Spheroid, Ellipsoid, Semi-Ellipsoid, Spherical Sector, Spherical Cap, Spherical Segment, Spherical Central Segment, Double Calotte, Double Sphere, Spherical Wedge, Half Cylinder, Diagonally Halved Cylinder, Cylindrical Wedge, Cylindrical Sector, Cylindrical Segment, Flat End Cylinder, Half Cone, Conical Sector, Conical Wedge, Spherical Shell, Half Spherical Shell, Spherical Shell Cap, Cylindrical Shell, Cut Cylindrical Shell, Oblique Cylindrical Shell, Hollow Cone, Truncated Hollow Cone, Spherical Ring, Torus, Spindle Torus, Toroid, Torus Sector, Toroid Sector, Arch, Reuleaux-Tetrahedron, Capsule, Capsule Segment, Double Point, Anticone, Truncated Anticone, Sphere-Cylinder, Lens, Concave Lens, Barrel, Egg Shape, Paraboloid, Hyperboloid, Oloid, Steinmetz Solids, Solid of Revolution
4D Tesseract, Hypersphere


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Torus Calculator

Calculations at a torus. R ist the distance from the center of the tube to the center of the torus, r is the radius of the tube. With R>r it is a ring torus. A ring torus is a toroid with a circle as base. With R=r this is a horn torus, where the inner side of the tube closes the center of the torus. This calculation is for ring and horn torus. With R<r, it is a spindle torus.
Enter both radiuses and choose the number of decimal places. Then click Calculate.


Euclid Major radius (R): Torus
Minor radius (r):
Hole radius (a):
Torus breadth (b):
Surface area (A):
Volume (V):
Surface-to-volume ratio (A/V):
Round to    decimal places.



Formulas:
a = R - r
b = 2 * ( R + r )
A = 4 * π² * R * r
V = 2 * π² * R * r²

pi:
π = 3.141592653589793...

The radiuses have the same unit (e.g. meter), the surface area has this unit squared (e.g. square meter), the volume has this unit to the power of three (e.g. cubic meter). A/V has this unit -1.

The torus is a special case of the toroid in which the rotating base surface is a circle. The slice planes of the ring torus are therefore the circle (or two circles) for a vertical cut and the annulus for a horizontal cut. Two vertical cuts at two different points create a torus sector.
The torus is axially symmetrical to every vertical plane and to the horizontal plane, each through the center. It is also point-symmetrical to this center and rotationally symmetrical for any angle.
The torus as a surface with content is also called a solid torus, if the term torus only refers to the surface. Both terms play a role in topology. A torus is also mentioned in knot theory; a torus knot can be traced back to a torus that is unknotted.
Hypothetical designs for space colonies are often designed in torus form; the best known design of this kind is NASA's Stanford torus. The rotation around the vertical axis would simulate gravity, so that at the outermost edge of the inner side of the torus, usable and living space would be created under Earth-like conditions. The effort required to build such a colony would be very great.



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