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Geometry | Forms | Contact & Privacy Geometric Calculators German: Geometrierechner, Formen

  1D Line
2D Regular Polygons:
Equilateral Triangle, Square, Pentagon, Hexagon, Heptagon, Octagon, Nonagon, Decagon, Hendecagon, Dodecagon, Hexadecagon, N-gon, Polygon Ring

Other Polygons:
Triangle, Right Triangle, Isosceles Triangle, IR Triangle, Quadrilateral, Rectangle, Golden Rectangle, Rhombus, Parallelogram, Half Square Kite, Right Kite, Kite, Right Trapezoid, Isosceles Trapezoid, Tri-equilateral Trapezoid, Trapezoid, Cyclic Quadrilateral, Tangential Quadrilateral, Arrowhead, Concave Quadrilateral, Crossed Rectangle, Antiparallelogram, House-Shape, Symmetric Pentagon, Cut Rectangle, Concave Pentagon, Concave Regular Pentagon, Parallelogon, Stretched Hexagon, Concave Hexagon, Arrow-Hexagon, Rectangular Hexagon, L-Shape, Sharp Kink, T-Shape, Truncated Square, Frame, Open Frame, Grid, Cross, X-Shape, H-Shape, Threestar, Fourstar, Pentagram, Hexagram, Unicursal Hexagram, Oktagram, Star of Lakshmi, Double Star Polygon, Polygram, Polygon

Round Forms:
Circle, Semicircle, Circular Sector, Circular Segment, Circular Layer, Circular Central Segment, Round Corner, Circular Corner, Circle Tangent Arrow, Drop Shape, Crescent, Pointed Oval, Lancet Arch, Knoll, Annulus, Annulus Sector, Curved Rectangle, Rounded Polygon, Rounded Rectangle, Ellipse, Semi-Ellipse, Elliptical Segment, Elliptical Sector, Elliptical Ring, Stadium, Spiral, Log. Spiral, Reuleaux Triangle, Cycloid, Double Cycloid, Astroid, Hypocycloid, Cardioid, Epicycloid, Parabolic Segment, Heart, Tricorn, Interarc Triangle, Circular Arc Triangle, Interarc Quadrangle, Intercircle Quadrangle, Circular Arc Quadrangle, Circular Arc Polygon, Claw, Half Yin-Yang, Arbelos, Salinon, Lune, Three Circles, Polycircle, Round-Edged Polygon, Rose, Gear, Oval, Egg-Profile, Lemniscate, Squircle, Circular Square, Digon, Spherical Triangle
3D Platonic Solids:
Tetrahedron, Cube, Octahedron, Dodecahedron, Icosahedron

Archimedean Solids:
Truncated Tetrahedron, Cuboctahedron, Truncated Cube, Truncated Octahedron, Rhombicuboctahedron, Truncated Cuboctahedron, Icosidodecahedron, Truncated Dodecahedron, Truncated Icosahedron, Snub Cube, Rhombicosidodecahedron, Truncated Icosidodecahedron, Snub Dodecahedron

Catalan Solids:
Triakis Tetrahedron, Rhombic Dodecahedron, Triakis Octahedron, Tetrakis Hexahedron, Deltoidal Icositetrahedron, Hexakis Octahedron, Rhombic Triacontahedron, Triakis Icosahedron, Pentakis Dodecahedron, Pentagonal Icositetrahedron, Deltoidal Hexecontahedron, Hexakis Icosahedron, Pentagonal Hexecontahedron

Johnson Solids:
Pyramids, Cupolae, Rotunda, Elongated Pyramids, Gyroelongated Pyramids, Bipyramids, Elongated Bipyramids, Gyroelongated Square Dipyramid, Gyrobifastigium, Disheptahedron, Snub Disphenoid, Sphenocorona, Disphenocingulum

Other Polyhedrons:
Cuboid, Square Pillar, Triangular Pyramid, Square Pyramid, Regular Pyramid, Pyramid, Regular Frustum, Frustum, Regular Bipyramid, Bipyramid, Bifrustum, Frustum-Pyramid, Ramp, Right Wedge, Wedge, Half Tetrahedron, Rhombohedron, Parallelepiped, Regular Prism, Prism, Oblique Prism, Antiprism, Prismatoid, Trapezohedron, Disphenoid, Corner, General Tetrahedron, Wedge-Cuboid, Half Cuboid, Skewed Cuboid, Ingot, Skewed Three-Edged Prism, Cut Cuboid, Truncated Cuboid, Obtuse Edged Cuboid, Obelisk, Elongated Dodecahedron, Truncated Rhombohedron, Hollow Cuboid, Hollow Pyramid, Hollow Frustum, Star Pyramid, Stellated Octahedron, Small Stellated Dodecahedron, Great Stellated Dodecahedron, Great Dodecahedron, Great Icosahedron

Round Forms:
Sphere, Hemisphere, Spherical Corner, Cylinder, Cut Cylinder, Oblique Cylinder, Bent Cylinder, Generalized Cylinder, Cone, Truncated Cone, Oblique Circular Cone, Elliptic Cone, Bicone, Truncated Bicone, Pointed Pillar, Rounded Cone, Drop, Spheroid, Ellipsoid, Semi-Ellipsoid, Spherical Sector, Spherical Cap, Spherical Segment, Spherical Central Segment, Double Calotte, Spherical Wedge, Half Cylinder, Diagonally Halved Cylinder, Cylindrical Wedge, Cylindrical Sector, Cylindrical Segment, Flat End Cylinder, Half Cone, Conical Sector, Conical Wedge, Spherical Shell, Half Spherical Shell, Cylindrical Shell, Cut Cylindrical Shell, Oblique Cylindrical Shell, Hollow Cone, Truncated Hollow Cone, Spherical Ring, Torus, Spindle Torus, Toroid, Torus Sector, Toroid Sector, Arch, Reuleaux-Tetrahedron, Capsule, Capsule Segment, Double Point, Lens, Concave Lens, Barrel, Egg Shape, Paraboloid, Hyperboloid, Oloid, Steinmetz Solids, Solid of Revolution
4D Tesseract, Hypersphere


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Ellipse Calculator

Calculations at an ellipse. Enter the two semi axes and choose the number of decimal places. Then click Calculate. The semi-major axis is the distance between center and one point on the ellipse furthest away from this. The semi-minor axis is the distance between center and one point on the ellipse closest to this. They are upright to each other. The linear eccentricity is the distance of the focal points to the center. The circumference is calculated with an approximation formula (second approximation of Srinivasa Ramanujan), which is very exact up to ε<0.9 and has a maximal error of 0.04% at ε=1. An exact calculation can be done with elliptic integrals (Jacobi integrals), whose values can be taken from tables.
cB is an about 7 times better estimation, expending the second approximation of Ramanujan, by Jürgen Beck. This is based on an astroid approximation and is not verified yet.



Srinivasa Ramanujan Semi-major axis (a): Ellipse
Semi-minor axis (b):
Axial ratio (a/b):
Linear eccentricity (e):
Numerical eccentricity (ε):
Circumference (c):
Circumference after Beck (cB):
Area (A):
Round to    decimal places.



Ellipse shape:
Formulas:
e = √a² - b²
ε = e / a
A = π * a * b

Circumference after the second approximation of Ramanujan:
c ≈ π * (a+b) * [ 1 + 3λ² / (10+√4-3λ² ) ]
λ = ( a - b ) / ( a + b )

Circumference after the second approximation of Ramanujan expanded by Jürgen Beck:
cB = u + 0.00160934997662698*(1-x0.8)21
x = {2/[(a/b)bex+1]}(1/bex)
bex = ln(2) / ln(π/2)

The number 0.00160934997662698 is the difference between the exact value for the circumference of the ellipse, after a numeric integration according the calculated Taylor series and the value after the second approximation of Ramanujan, for a=1 and b=0.


pi:
π = 3.141592653589793...

Semi axes, linear eccentricity and circumference have the same unit (e.g. meter), the area has this unit squared (e.g. square meter). Numerical eccentricity is dimensionless.




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