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Planets - Calculate Surface Temperature

Calculator for the mean surface temperature on Earth, Moon, Sun and planets, in Kelvin, degrees Celsius (centigrade), Fahrenheit and compared to each other. The temperature on a planets' surface depends mostly on its distance from its star (Sun) and from the composition of its atmosphere (particularly by greenhouse gases like CO2). On planets without an atmosphere, especially on Mercury, if differs extremely between day and night side. When compared to each other, to make a statement like 'on one planet, it is x times as warm as on the other', the ratio of the Kelvin values must be taken, because only the Kelvin temperature scale has a true zero.

Kelvin:
Degrees Celsius:
Degrees Fahrenheit:

Surface temperature
Moon:
Mercury:
Venus:
Earth:
Mars:
Jupiter:
Saturn:
Uranus:
Neptune:
Pluto:
Sun:



Round to    decimal places.

Please enter one value, the other values will be calculated.

Example: on Venus, with its temperature of more than 460 degrees Celsius (737 K, 867° F), it is 2.56 times as hot as on Earth with its 15 degrees Celsius (288 K, 59° F), because 737 / 288 = 2.56.


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German: Planeten-Entfernungen, Planeten-Massen, Planeten-Durchmesser, Planeten-Umfang, Planeten-Oberfläche, Planeten-Volumen, Planeten-Dichte, Gravitation, Tageslänge, Rotation, Orbit (Jahr), Geschwindigkeit, Kreisgeschwindigkeit, Fluchtgeschwindigkeit, Temperatur